Another app note from IXYS on P-Channel power MOSFET application. Link here (PDF)
IXYS P-Channel Power MOSFETs retain all the features of comparable N-Channel Power MOSFETs such as very fast switching, voltage control, ease of paralleling and excellent temperature stability. These are designed for applications that require the convenience of reverse polarity operation. They have an n-type body region that provides lower resistivity in the body region and good avalanche characteristics because parasitic PNP transistor is less prone to turn-on. In comparison with Nchannel Power MOSFETs with similar design features, P-channel Power MOSFETs have better FBSOA (Forward Bias Safe Operating Area) and practically immune to Single Event Burnout phenomena. Main advantage of P-channel Power MOSFETs is the simplified gate driving technique in high-side (HS) switch position.
Guidelines for parallel operation of IGBT devices discuss in this app note from IXYS. Link here (PDF)
As applications for IGBT components have continued to expand rapidly, semiconductor manufacturers have responded by providing IGBTs in both discrete and modular packages to meet the needs of their customers. Discrete IGBTs span the voltage range of 250V to 1400V and are available up to 75A (DC), which is the maximum current limit for both the TO-247 and TO-264 terminals. IGBT modules cover the same voltage range but, due to their construction, can control currents up to 1000A today. However, on an Ampere per dollar basis, the IGBT module is more expensive so that for cost-sensitive applications, e.g. welding, low voltage motor control, small UPS, etc., designs engineers would like to parallel discrete IGBT devices.
cVert is the result of an idea I’ve been kicking around for years, and took a few months of work to bring to fruition. The idea was to use a Geiger counter as a true random number generator to give a non-deterministic input for computer art or music. The result is a MIDI controller with a large amount of control removed – it plays a random musical note every time a radioactive decay is detected.
It is basically a small scaled digital oscilloscope. It is capable of displaying all type of waveform like sine, triangular, square, etc. It’s bandwidth is above 1 MHz and input impedance is about 600K. The device is mainly using the ATmega328 micro-controller as the heart and is assisted by a high performance ADC (TLC5510) which is capable of taking up-to 20 mega samples per second and thus increasing the span of bandwidth which can be analyzed by our device. In addition to that, in-order to make the device portable Li-ion battery is used , which will be suitable to be fitted into a confined space.
3D printing allows us to make a wide variety of shapes, but adding interactive features generally means somehow strapping various electronics to them. The AirTouch project, however, presents an alternative option by enabling a fabricated object to sense up to a dozen different touch points with no components or complex calibration necessary.
Instead compressed air is pumped into the 3D-printed item, which escapes via up to 12 tiny holes. As each hole is touched, a barometric sensor picks up the pressure response, which is then interpreted by an Arduino Uno board as user input.
The system has been tested on a variety of interactive figures, from a model rabbit to a bar graph. A short demo can be seen below, while the project’s research paper is found here.
Users can place whatever “treasure” they want hidden inside, shut the door, and press a rotary encoder button to lock it via a micro servo. They then must decipher a randomly generated four-digit code to get it open again.
Number guesses are input using the encoder dial on the front, which are displayed by a small OLED I2C screen. Green and red LEDs provide feedback as to how many digits are correct and if they’re in the right position, eventually letting users figure out where everything goes by a process of elimination.